(there are 35 questions in this topic)
Printable list of all electrolytes and fluids SAQs
Hypertonic saline: indications, mechanisms of action, evidence
Causes of hyperphosphataemia - renal failure and hyperparathyroidism
Beer potomania. also, management of hyponatremia
Classification of hyponatremia, and management of hyponatremia.
Isoosmolar hyponatremia: massively elevated triglycerides
Hyponatremia with hypervolemia; with a focus on SIADH and CSW.
Diagnostic approach to hyponatremia
Hypocalcemia in the post-parathyroidectomy patient
Hypoosmolar hyponatremia (water intoxication due to bowel prep)
Hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia: causes and treatments
Hypoosmolar hyponatremia with a focus on SIADH and CSW.
Hypoosmolar hyponatremia: thiazide-associated hyponatremia
Managemnt of hyponatremia: osmotic demyelination syndrome
Characteristic electrolyte derangement patterns
Causes, consequences and management of hypercalcemia.
Management of hyponatremia and intracranial pressure with hypertonic saline
Clinical features and management of hypocalcemia
Use of albumin in critically ill patients
Assessment of fluid balance in the critically ill patient
Isoosmolar hyponatremia: TURP syndrome
Causes of hypercalcemia, and correction of a dangerously raised calcium
Hypoosmolar hyponatremia (beer potomania)
Hypoosmolar hyponatremia with a focus on SIADH and calculation of the sodium deficit
Buffer therapies: sodium bicarbonate, Carbicarb and THAM
Comparison of the common colloid resuscitation fluids
Hypomagnesaemia: "write a short note".
Hypocalcemia: causes and manifestations.
Diagnostic approach to hyponatremia, and an approach to sodium replacement.
The diagnostic utility of urinary electrolytes
Approach to the diagnosis of hyponatremia; and management of hyponatremia.
Colloids vs. crystalloids as resuscitation fluids
Hypercalcemia: manifestations, common causes, and management.
Hypercalcemia: causes and management.