(there are 103 questions in this topic)
Printable list of all respiratory medicine and mechanical ventilation SAQs
Causes of respiratory failure: Troubleshooting a suddenly difficult ventilation scenario
Optimal PEEP for open lung ventilation in ARDS
Use of neuromuscular junction blockers in the management of ARDS
Bronchopleural fistula: advantages and disadvantages of the various management strategies
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients.
Mechanisms of ventilator triggering and mechanisms of ventilator cycling
Ventilation strategies for status asthmaticus; as well as non-ventilator management
Approach to the patient suddenly impossible to ventilate
Pulmonary embolism: role of thrombolysis
Lung biopsy: indications, advantages, limitations and complications.
Ventilation strategies for ARDS
Weaning from ventilation, assessment of extubation readiness and extubation on to NIV.
Pulmonary embolism: a comparison of TTE, CTPA, troponin and D-dimers.
Management strategies for bronchopleural fistula: advantages and disadvantages
Pressure-volume and flow-volume loops
End-tidal capnometry waveform interpretation
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: increased dead space in PE
Hypercapneic respiratory failure: clinical features and differential diagnosis
Differential diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates (is it ARDS?)
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation and oesophageal perforation
Ventilation strategies for status asthmaticus; intrinsic PEEP and dynamic hyperinflation
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: a left-shifted p50
Analysis of ventilator waveforms: bronchospasm and gas trapping
Interpretation of formal pulmonary function tests
High flow nasal prongs: mechanism of action, complications and contraindications.
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: hypoventilation (a normal A-a gradient)
Pulmonary embolism: critically evaluate the role of thrombolysis
Causes of respiratory failure in a patient having radiotherapy
Ventilation strategies for status asthmaticus
Methaemoglobinaemia due to dapsone
Causes of haemoptysis, and emergency management thereof.
Analysis of ventilator waveforms: secretions or rain-out condensation
Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI or VILI)
Hypercapneic respiratory failure in a comatose fat man.
Causes of respiratory failure: differential diagnosis of ARDS
Ventilation strategies and supportive non-ventilation strategies for ARDS
End-tidal capnometry traces and analysis of ventilator waveforms
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: a gas taken at high altitude.
Assessment of oxygenation from ABG data: a pulmonary embolism.
Differential diagnosis for a bilateral lung infiltrate after cardiac arrest
Principles of HFOV; also Physiology of gas exchange in HFOV
Atelectasis: clinical features of complete one-sided lung collapse.
Peak pressure, plateau pressure and compliance. Also, Intrinsic PEEP.
Causes of respiratory failure: trauma patient with post-operative hypoxia
Approach to the patient suddenly impossible to ventilate due to VILI
Analysis of ventilator waveforms and pressure-volume curves.
Assessment of extubation readiness
Analysis of ventilator waveforms and flow-volume loops
Clinical features of a massive pleural effusion.
Differential diagnosis of wheeze: a patient with unilateral wheeze
Tension-based and content-based indices of oxygenation: A-a gradient vs. PaO2/FiO2
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation: complications and contraindications.
Patient-ventilator dyssynchrony: autotriggering in a totally braindead patient
Management of massive haemoptysis
Intrinsic PEEP and dynamic hyperinflation: characteristic ventilator waveforms.
Troubleshooting suddenly difficult ventilation
Tension-based and content-based indices of oxygenation: PaO2 vs. SpO2
Intrinsic PEEP and dynamic hyperinflation: causes, consequences and management.
Inhaled and systemic pulmonary vasodilators for ARDS: nitric oxide
Outcomes in adult ARDS
Causes of respiratory failure
Ventilation strategies for COPD: assessment of the severity of COPD
Ventilation strategies for COPD
Lung biopsy: specifically, indications for open lung biopsy
Causes and management of methaemoglobinaemia.
Pulmonary embolism: massive and sub-massive.
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation: indications, contraindications, evidence for use
Prone ventilation for ARDS: advantages, disadvantages, evidence.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy
Ventilator-associated lung injury
Prone ventilation for ARDS: specifically, effects on oxygenation.
Ventilation strategies for ARDS: significance of the tidal volume
Intrinsic PEEP and dynamic hyperinflation: causes, consequences and management
Ventilation strategies for status asthmaticus: The role of NIV in asthma.
The oxygen-haemoglobin dissociation curve: causes and consequences of a right shift.
Chest physiotherapy in the ICU: what is the rationale for it
Ventilation strategies for COPD: intubated patient
Ventilation strategies for COPD: futile ventilation for severe lung disease
Ventilation strategies for COPD: pathophysiology of emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
Ventilation strategies for COPD: weaning mechanical ventilation
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: long term complications.
Atelectasis in a comatose fat man.
Weaning from mechanical ventilation: a high C-spine quadriplegic
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation: indications and contraindications.
Weaning from mechanical ventilation in a patient with a high spinal cord injury
Pulmonary embolism: management options